Melasma

What is Melasma?

Melasma, a type of hyperpigmentation, is a complex form of skin discoloration caused by the overproduction of melanin (skin color).  Melasma tends to be in larger patches that rise to the epidermis (top layer of skin). These irregular discolorations are formed by the melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing pigment cells. When these cells become compromised, from UV damage or by hormone irregularities, they form grayish/brown color spots on the skin.

Melasma (Chloasma), primarily caused by hormonal issues and/or birth control product use, is most common during pregnancy, where it's referred to as the "pregnancy mask." Discolored patches often appear on the forehead, cheeks, chin and jawline. In some cases, the skin can return to normal, on its own, once hormones are balanced. In most cases, though, professional skincare treatment is necessary for skin to return to its normal color and to protect melanocytes from future disturbances.

Melasma occurs mostly in woman, but it can affect a small percentage of men as well. Genetics, medication and ethnicity can each play a role in the development of Melasma. Because Melasma isn't considered a health concern, it's physically harmless and causes no physical discomfort. Its primary negative effect is the appearance of blotchy skin and skin discolorations.

A popular treatment for Melasma issues is the application of topical serums that contain Hydroquinone, an ingredient used for skin bleaching. Though it's popular, Hydroquinone isn't recommended for use while pregnant or breast-feeding. Hydroquinone also isn't recommended for use/treatment longer than three to four months. There are alternative topical skin care products, however, that contain more gentle ingredients. Lightening serums and creams that contain Azelaic Acid, Kojic Acid, Lactic Acid, Licorice Root and Daisy Flower Extract are all very effective in lightening hyperpigmentation. These ingredients work on their own or in combination by breaking down discolorations in the skin. Results can be seen in as little as eight to 12 weeks, depending on how moderate or severe the hyperpigmentation condition is.

An alternative, proven treatment for Melasma comes from the Osmosis Pur Medical Skin Care line. Osmosis takes a unique approach in the treatment of Melasma, utilizing holistic ingredients and internal-use supplements. Restore, an immune-boosting supplement product, strengthens the body and repairs cell damage with Sweet Wormwood Extract. Rescue is an Osmosis topical formulation product that works synergistically to heal and repair damaged skin cells that can cause hyperpigmentation and overproduction of melanin (skin color). Rescue and Restore have a symbiotic arrangement for correcting, treating and eliminating Melasma by boosting the immune system. Results can be seen within three to six months, providing significant improvements in skin color and permanent results.

As with any skin-bleaching or lightening regimen, it’s best to discuss with your esthetician or dermatologist which products to use for the treatment of a skin condition such as Melasma. It’s imperative, too, that people remain vigilant about the use of sun-protection products. A broad-spectrum UVA and UVB sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher is recommended for protecting skin from harmful UV rays. Sun exposure can cause all hyperpigmentation conditions to worsen, especially if necessary steps in a skin-lightening protocol aren't followed through, regularly and thoroughly. 

Check out our popular products for Melasma listed below.

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Melasma treatment: osmosis restore

Melasma is a pigmentation disorder that is most common in women. It is also known as “the pregnancy mask”. Sun exposure and the over production of hormones are the most prevalent causes of this dreaded skin condition. It creates a brown or grayish color and blotches on the skin, mostly on the face. The blotches can vary in size, but they primarily affect the nose, cheeks and forehead areas. Melasma is also a condition where the skin cells that produce color tend to overproduce color causing cells, called melanocytes. So what can be done to help this unwanted skin condition?... And...

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