Oily Skin

Oily skin is classified as having a shiny or greasy feel and look, primarily on thicker skin. Thin skin types, too, may also have oily skin, because of enlarged pores. Oily skin is attributed to the sebaceous glands, where oil is produced to lubricate and hydrate the skin. Sometimes, though, those glands can become overactive and produce too much oil. This causes the skin to have a shiny, but dull complexion.

Overproduction by the sebaceous glands can arise from many conditions, such as puberty, the hormonal change in teenagers and hormonal changes in women. Other factors that come in to play for overactive sebaceous glands are diet, climate, such as hot and humid weather, dehydration, medication, stress and genetics. Even improper skin care products and skin regimens can strip the skin and create even more oil production.

 People with oily skin types can have thicker skin with large pores. In some cases, a condition called sebaceous hyperplasia takes place, producing small white bumps that form in the pores of more mature skin types. The most common area of the face affected by excess oil is the T-Zone -- the forehead, nose and chin area. These areas are also more prone to acne and clogged pores, or blackheads, because of the overproduction of sebum, or oil. Two benefits of oily skin, however, are it keeps the skin plump and tends to slow the aging process, primarily preventing wrinkles from forming at an earlier age.

Treatment for oily skin varies, especially because a majority of oily skin types tend to suffer acne through the pore-clogging buildup of sebum and bacteria. One important rule to know when treating oily skin is to use the appropriate cleanser. High amounts of AHAs, or alpha hydroxy acids, and overaggressive exfoliants can be used on oily skin types, as these ingredients break down the buildup of skin. It’s also important to never wash your face in hot water. Hot water strips the skin of its natural oils and causes the skin to become dehydrated, putting the sebaceous glands into overdrive. This creates more oil in the pores to compensate for loss of oil production.

A good pH-balanced foaming gel or foaming cream cleanser, with neither containing harsh sulfates, is highly recommended for oily skin. Both should be rinsed with lukewarm water. Lightweight serums with antioxidants and nutrients are also suggested for oily skin, as this approach helps balance hydration levels to keep the skin from producing too much sebum. These serums also infuse the skin with healthy ingredients to combat bacteria and acne.

Oil-loving ingredients in professional-grade skin care creams are specifically formulated to balance and normalize oil production. Proper hydration, diet and exercise will also aid in the normal function of the oil glands. Regular facials with an esthetician and a daily regimen specifically for oily skin types also provide exceptional care that yields the benefits of a radiant complexion, without the shine or an oil slick.

Choose a category below for FAQs on specific hyperpigmentation conditions and ingredient/product recommendations.

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Client consultation: how to improve oily skin

Recently a client contacted us at Skin Trends about how to remedy her oily skin problems. She was concerned with the fact that she was using too many products to control her skin condition. She also wanted a simple daily skincare regimen that utilized products that had a light weight texture, so she could get her skin's oil production under control. With oily skin, the best way to improve your condition is to start by balancing your skin. We achieve this by thoroughly cleaning your face, morning and night, with a balancing cleanser. Preferably a gel cleanser, because oily skin types...

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