Acids

Chemical Peels contain ingredients made specifically for skin exfoliation and cell rejuvenation. These chemical peels contain ingredients known as acids or, more specifically, Alpha Hydroxy Acids. Each acid comes in a level of strength and is determined by its pH level. The percentage or potency of the acid can be specifically matched to the user and specific skin conditions. Acids in a superficial chemical peel effectively remove cellular buildup while encouraging cellular regeneration. Acids also work to reduce pore size, minimize fine lines and wrinkles, control oil production, heal acne lesions and improve overall texture of the skin.

Kojic and Lactic Acids are generally used in the treatment of skin-lightening to treat hyperpigmentation conditions, including melasma, dark spots and some scar tissue. Glycolic Acid is more commonly used for peels/treatments, because of its ability to work with most skin types. Glycolic acid is also very popular in anti-aging treatment, because it increases skin's cellular-turnover rate and cellular stimulation. Malic and Mandelic Acids, which are rich in antioxidants, can be used for anti-aging and wrinkle-reduction treatments, acne lesions and to reduce post-inflammation hyperpigmentation that can occur after acne lesions heal. These particular acid peels are generally safe for most skin types. Most users have very little downtime and peels can be performed in a series to achieve effective and desired results. Undergoing a specific protocol and a strict regimen, as advised by an esthetician, is crucial when receiving chemical peels.

There are more aggressive acid peels that can provide quicker, more dramatic results, but they can also result in blistering of the skin. The outer layer of the epidermis is removed in an intensive treatment. These are still considered to be superficial chemical peels, because they utilize a light to mid-depth level of penetration to work. Lower percentages come in TCA (Trichloroacetic Acid) and Jessner Peels (Blend of Lactic, Salicylic and Resorcinol) that can be performed by an esthetician. Any peel performed, using higher concentration formulations, must be done by a licensed dermatologist. TCA and Jessner peels are typically recommended to treat such conditions as stubborn acne, post-inflammation hyperpigmentation, skin discolorations and anti-aging. Darker skin types need to be careful when using TCA and Jessner peels, as it can cause hypo-hyperpigmentation issues. These strong peels can also cause scarring, if they're not appropriately applied or are left on too long.

There are a few products available from professional-grade skin care companies that contain a certain/safe use percentage blend of these acids to create an at-home "mini peel" facial. These products come in low doses. As long as the proper protocol is followed, a very minimal amount of actual "peeling" will occur. Some of these skin care products are cleansers, exfoliants or masks. They usually contain Glycolic Acid, Lactic Acid or Salicylic Acid (a Beta Hydroxy Acid). A slight flaking or dryness may occur when using these products. They should be used only as directed, so irritation doesn't occur. Always follow a dermatologist's or an esthetician's recommended protocol/regimen when undergoing peels or using at-home peel products. The removal of skin layers is considered to be a wounding of skin. This process is, however, necessary to increase collagen production and to improve skin look and feel over time.

Check out our popular Acid products listed below.

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