Lighteners

What do Skin Lighteners do? 

Skin lighteners, which are bleaching and brightening ingredients in cosmetic skin care products, help to even the skin's complexion by reducing discoloration. Melanin, responsible for our skin color/pigment, is produced by a cell called a melanocyte. Tyrosinase is responsible for controlling melanin production. Skin-lightening ingredients act as tyrosinase inhibitors. Discoloration can form in the skin from a variety of issues. Sun damage is the most common factor for age spots, liver spots and hyperpigmentation. Melasma, a hormone-induced form of hyperpigmentation, usually occurs during pregnancy and is often referred to as the pregnancy mask. Melasma can also be caused from sun damage. Other forms of skin discoloration can be caused by varied levels of skin damage, post- inflammation pigmentation from acne, hair removal or any skin injury.  Some skin laser surgeries can also cause discoloration. Skin lighteners’ active ingredients eliminate areas of hyperpigmentation by suppressing the amount of melanin in that specific area.

People treating skin discolorations with certain ingredients need to be cautious with their skin. Some ingredients mandate that sun exposure be avoided, because ultraviolet (UV) damage is a leading cause of hyperpigmentation. UV exposure from the sun can intensify hyperpigmentation conditions while using a treatment program with specific ingredients. It's important to wear broad-spectrum UVA (Ultraviolet A) and UVB (Ultraviolet B) sun protection with an SPF of 15 or higher. Getting in the habit of wearing an sunscreen on a regular basis can help prevent some cases of hyperpigmentation.

There are many ingredients and treatments for hyperpigmentation. A list of these ingredients and their functionality in skin lightening will be discussed thoroughly in the description of each ingredient. From chemical, synthetic and natural ingredients, there is an array of levels of treatment for people who have uneven skin tone and want to address areas of discoloration. 

Choose a category below for FAQs on specific Lightening ingredient/product types.

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